Welcome to your Cigarette Dependence Scale 12

The CDS-12 provides a continuous index of nicotine dependence (mixed with other smoking-relevant items), which can be useful in identifying eligible patients and in monitoring progress in cessation treatment.

This instrument can be useful in identifying eligible patients and in monitoring progress in cessation treatment.

The CDS-12 scale is a 12-item scale that assesses some components of formal diagnostic systems’ (e.g., DSM-IV and ICD-10) definitions of dependence with an emphasis on compulsion to smoke, withdrawal, loss of control, time allocation, neglect of other activities, and persistence despite harm. This instrument does not measure tolerance. Items on self-perception of addiction and smoking rate are also included. Response choices are on a five-point Likert scale.

It is suitable for adolescents and adults, ages 12-74.

It is self-administered, pencil and paper, computer and internet based.  Minimal administration time required. No training required.  A French-language version available. A 5 item version available.

Source Reference: Etter, J.F., LeHouezec, J., & Perneger, T.V. (in press). A self-administered questionnaire to measure addiction to cigarettes: The Cigarette Dependence Scale. Neuropsychopharmacology.

Please rate your addiction to cigarettes on a scale of 0 to 100:

- I am NOT addicted to cigarettes at all = 0
- I am extremely addicted to cigarettes = 100

On average, how many cigarettes do you smoke per day?

- number of cigarettes a day

Usually, how soon after waking up do you smoke your first cigarette?

- in minutes

For you, quitting smoking for good would be:

- in minutes

After a few hours without smoking, I feel an irresistible urge to smoke

The idea of not having any cigarettes causes me stress

Before going out, I always make sure that I have cigarettes with me

I am a prisoner of cigarettes

I smoke too much

Sometimes I drop everything to go out and buy cigarettes

I smoke all the time

I smoke despite the risks to my health

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