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This information is about the specific health area mentioned above. It comprises a combination of textual and video information, on our site and on external sites.  We will be adding new specific health areas and further information continually.

The idea is for you to understand more about the health area you are addressing before you get too far building your action plan.

General Information

Personality refers to individual differences in characteristic patterns of thinking, feeling and behaving. The study of personality focuses on two broad areas: One is understanding individual differences in particular personality characteristics, such as sociability or irritability. The other is understanding how the various parts of a person come together as a whole. (adapted from the Encylopedia of Psychology).

What is Personality?

Verywellmind say: “While there are many different definitions of personality, most focus on the pattern of behaviors and characteristics that can help predict and explain a person’s behavior.”  They have a good article (reviewed by David Susman PhD) setting out what is personality by showing its characteristics – defined as consistency, psychological and physiological aspects, behaviours and actions and how we express it (thoughts, feelings, interactions). It then covers how personality develops by looking at different schools of thought: Type theories (people are in different personality types), Trait theories (which view personality as as a result of genetically based internal characteristics e.g. agreeable, extravert, etc), Psychodynamic theories which emphasize the influence of the unconscious mind (Freud), Behavioural theories which suggest an interaction with the environment, and Humanist which emphasize free will and individual experience. See it in full here.


Personality tests are beloved by high school guidance counselors and self-help book authors — but less so by many scientists. There’s controversy among them over whether clear-cut personality types exist at all.

A large new study published in Nature Human Behavior, however, provides evidence for the existence of at least four personality types: average, reserved, self-centered and role model. Each one is based on the extent to which people display five different major character traits, including neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness and conscientiousness.

“It seemed like personality traits were very well-accepted and established in psychometrics, but personality types were not,” says study co-author Luis Amaral, a professor of chemical and biological engineering at Northwestern University. “I just wondered, could it be that the reason why people haven’t been able to establish personality types was there wasn’t enough data?”

However, there are many different views on the 4, 12, 16 or whatever number personality types there are.

Background Information

There is information available which will help you formulate your action plan – both on our site and on external sites.

On our site


PersonalityDrive is about all aspects of your personality.

Personality is one of the most complex area of the body, you cannot touch It, feel it, monitor it, isolate it, treat it but yet it can influence every part of the body positively or negatively. Every personality is made up uniquely based upon DNA and life events. It can change over time and is sensitive to its surroundings. It can become damaged or developed by external circumstances. It influences our match making preferences, our social circles and our wellbeing.

There is much written about our personality but yet many don’t know their own personality or pay much attention to It until we are emotionally intelligent enough to manage it. There is a lot of articles about different aspects of personality but very few pull all the areas together in one place. We have attempted to take a holistic approach to personality and character.

We have relevant information on PersonalityDrive

CommunicationsDrive is about how we communicate with each other, which is critical in many aspects of our lives.

Communication sounds easy, after all its one human’s biggest asset in the human world but how many humans are good at effective communication, looking at the statistics not that many. Why is that? Whilst some people are more reserved and quieter and others naturally never stop talking, effective communication can be taught but it seems it isn’t as a matter of course in our education system.

We created CommunicationDrive in the same way we created PersonalityDrive because we realised that both play a very important part in all the other Drives. Talking to experts and life coaches they often say; This person has some life issues but its because of their personality and the communication skills are quite poor, which makes the person feel inadequate to speak up and say what’s wrong.

In work relationships and family relationships personality and communications come high on the list of breakdowns; it’s her personality, She/he/they are so hot headed they listen to have what you say and then respond with the first thing that comes into their heads, full of emotion and lacking in clarity.

We have relevant information on CommunicationDrive

On external site(s)

Essential Life Skills have an article on how to improve your personality. Below is an extract.

“Contrary to what you may think, you can improve your personality!

We now know that not only can we improve the personality, but we can also develop it in ways we previously did not understand, or believe possible!

Until quite recently it was believed that personality is permanent. In 1890 William James, the famous Harvard psychologist, wrote in his influential work The Principles of Psychology, that personality was “set in plaster” by early adulthood.

This view prevailed for over a century; however, the idea that personality is more fluid has gained ground over time. We are now at the point where we realize that we have influence and control over which traits and characteristics we want to develop or refine.”

Psychology Today have an article by Alex Lickerman MD entitled Happiness in this World which discusses personality vs character. An excerpt is shown below.

I once conducted a job interview with someone I found to be passionate, energetic, intelligent, engaging, and prepared. As I asked her questions designed to produce an accurate picture of her potential future performance, I remained attuned to my emotional reactions to her demeanor, trying to hear what my inner voice was telling me about her. At the end of the interview, I found myself excited about the prospect of her coming to work for me. I had to remind myself to remain cautious, however, as I reflected on just how easy it is to confuse personality with character and how critical it is to separate them.


Sometimes the owner of a video will not allow the video to be played on external sites.  If you see the video is unavailable on the left just click the ‘WATCH NOW’ link on the right and the video will play in a new window.

Personality types

This is a 20 minute Tedx Talk by Jean Kummerow which explains the different MBTI types with humour and makes it interesting, and the info below is from the video.

Jean specializes in leadership/management development and coaching and team building has worked with a variety of for-profit, non-profit and government organizations.

She is a leadership coach and coordinates the coaching consultants for the Blandin Foundation’s Community Leadership Program, a program developing leaders from Minnesota’s rural communities. She trains professionals internationally in the use of psychological instruments, such as the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® (MBTI®) and the MBTI Step II™ assessments.

She is listed in Who’s Who in American Women. She was named one of Minnesota’s best-known experts in career development to commemorate 50 years of vocational and career support by the Minnesota Career Development Association. A number of years ago, she appeared on the Oprah Winfrey show as an expert on psychological testing and was featured in a short television spot on the Smart Women series.

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In order for you to assess what you know about this health area, we suggest using a questionnaire. This might help you understand your situation in this area, or taking it might improve your understanding of the area.

You may be able to take this questionnaire online – either here on our site or on an external site – or download it and complete it on paper – it depends on copyright (and whether we’ve managed to build it on our site!).

The ways you can take a questionnaire:

More than one external site questionnaire, Questionnaire on our site

Take Questionnaire on our site

You can take a questionnaire on our site. This will score the questions automatically and give you a summary showing what your score means.

You will see our questionnaire first, possibly followed by a tab which may contain a second questionnaire (see above).  If you scroll down you will see links to external questionnaire(s) or downloads if there are any. Scroll down until you get to the right place for you!

Our Questionnaire

Our version of the Big Five Personality test is courtesy of will take you 5 – 19 minutes to give a quick summary answer to 50 statements, which in turn will give you a score in each of the five areas.

This quiz is no longer available.

Take questionnaire on external site

You can take this questionnaire on at least one external site.

The BigFive Personality Test is available online – this test has been taken over 700,000 times.  You don’t have to register and the test takes about 10 minutes.  You get your results as a score in each area – Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness and Neuroticism, each broken down into sub-traits.

Possibly the most well known type of personality test is Myers Briggs created by Isabel Briggs Myers and her mother, Katharine Briggs, in the 1960’s. Myers and Briggs built on the personality theories of Swiss psychiatrist Dr. Carl Jung as outlined in his book, Psychological Types, and developed one of the world’s most popular personality assessments, the Myers Briggs Type Indicator®, or MBTI®.  There are four opposing scales and you score on each.  They are:

Extraversion vs. Introversion: Gaining energy. Extraverts prefer to be with others and gain energy from people and the environment. Introverts gain energy from time spent alone and they need periods of quiet reflection.

Sensing vs. Intuition: Collecting information. Sensors gather facts from their immediate environment and rely on the things they can see, feel and hear. Intuitives look more at the overall picture and context and think about patterns, meaning, and connections.

Thinking vs. Feeling: Making decisions. Thinkers look for logically correct solutions, whereas Feelers make decisions based on their emotions, values, and the needs of others.

Judging vs. Perceiving: Organising your environment. Judgers prefer structure and like things to be clearly regulated, whereas Perceivers like things to be open and flexible and are reluctant to commit themselves.

So you can be either end of these 4 scales, giving 16 possible personality types. Each has a 4 letter code to show what type of personality you are, and there is a lot of information on each type.

To take the MBTI formally, you have to do it through the Myers Briggs Foundation.  This costs about $50 for an official test. However, you can take a similar test which will give you an indication of your type at 16Personalities.   This takes about 10 minutes and gives a good in depth summary of your type, which you can have emailed to you.  You can then buy a more in-depth report of your type if you wish.

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A Butterfly Life: 4 Keys to More Happiness, Better Health and Letting Your True Self Shine

Times of change can be a challenge, no doubt! Whether it’s a relationship breakup, job loss, or being diagnosed with a serious health issue. Or you may WANT things to be different, but it feels a little scary or overwhelming. The butterfly reminds us change can be beautiful, even necessary, in order to realize our full potential and live our best life.