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it's 10 Jun, 2024 10:14 am

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This information is about the specific health area mentioned above. It comprises a combination of textual and video information, on our site and on external sites.  We will be adding new specific health areas and further information continually.

The idea is for you to understand more about the health area you are addressing before you get too far building your action plan.

General Information

Narcissism in personality trait generally conceived of as excessive self love. In Greek mythology Narcissus was a man who fell in love with his reflection in a pool of water.

Narcissism is generally understood as pronounced self-involvement (Freud, 1955). In psychological research it has been regarded as both, a personality trait and as a clinically relevant disorder (Hermann et al., 2018).

Nine Signs and Symptoms of Narcissism
• Grandiosity. Exaggerated sense of self-importance. …
• Excessive need for admiration. …
• Superficial and exploitative relationships. …
• Lack of empathy. …
• Identity disturbance. …
• Difficulty with attachment and dependency. …
• Chronic feelings of emptiness and boredom. …
• Vulnerability to life transitions.

It is possible that you are looking at this not because you believe you are narcissistic, but you feel that you might be in a relationship with someone who is.  In this case, you might be thinking to answer these questions on their behalf.   In this situation there is a good article on Healthline which gives 11 signs that you are dating a narcissist, with some ideas on what to do about it; it sets out the following concept:

“When someone posts one too many selfies or flex pics on their dating profile or talks about themselves constantly during a first date, we might call them a narcissist.

But a true narcissist is someone with narcissistic personality disorder (NPD). It’s a mental health condition characterized by:

  • an inflated sense of importance
  • a deep need for excessive attention and admiration
  • lack of empathy for others
  • often having troubled relationships

The most widely-applied measure of narcissism is the Narcissistic Personality Inventory 40 (NPI-40; Raskin & Hall, 1979). The NPI was developed by Raskin and Hall (1979) for the measurement of narcissism as a personality trait in social psychological research. It is based on the definition of narcissistic personality disorder, but is not a diagnostic tool for NPD and instead measures subclinical or normal expressions of narcissism. So, even someone who gets the highest possible score on the NPI does not necessarily have NPD.  On our site we have the 40 question version and the 16 question version – you can take either on our site or on an external site.

Background Information

There is information available which will help you formulate your action plan – both on our site and on external sites.

On our site


MindDrive concentrates mainly on the more common forms of mental issues, depression, anxiety, and the links to other life factors.  There is a section on more severe issues listed as the ‘Dark Triad’, which sounds awful but is really a psychological term for a combination of three negative and sometimes overlapping personality traits: narcissism, psychopathy, and Machiavellianism.

We have relevant information on MindDrive

PersonalityDrive helps you recognise your own style, traits etc.

We have relevant information on PesonalityDrive

On external site(s)


Narcissistic personality disorder — one of several types of personality disorders — is a mental condition in which people have an inflated sense of their own importance, a deep need for excessive attention and admiration, troubled relationships, and a lack of empathy for others. But behind this mask of extreme confidence lies a fragile self-esteem that’s vulnerable to the slightest criticism.

A narcissistic personality disorder causes problems in many areas of life, such as relationships, work, school or financial affairs. People with narcissistic personality disorder may be generally unhappy and disappointed when they’re not given the special favors or admiration they believe they deserve. They may find their relationships unfulfilling, and others may not enjoy being around them.

Treatment for narcissistic personality disorder centers around talk therapy (psychotherapy).

Business Insider looks at different ways a narcissist operates.



Sometimes the owner of a video will not allow the video to be played on external sites.  If you see the video is unavailable on the left just click the ‘WATCH NOW’ link on the right and the video will play in a new window.

how to tell a narcissist

une 1 is World Narcissistic Abuse awareness day. Unlike physical abuse, narcissistic abuse leaves emotional and psychological scars. Do you suspect that someone might be a narcissist? Perhaps, a narcissistic friend, narcissistic boyfriend or girlfriend, or even a narcissistic parent.

If you suspect that you yourself or someone you know might be narcissist, here are some signs to watch out for. The vision of psych2go is to bring awareness to our own behaviour and behaviours of others so that we can all grow together. If you suspect that you might be a narcissist or someone close to you is, you can use the insights from these videos to help them or yourself.

Also as a disclaimer: A narcissist is not the same as someone diagnosed with Narcissistic personality disorder. Someone with NPD would have to be officially diagnosed by a professional whereas a narcissist is more a layperson term for someone who shows the behaviour and tendency of someone who may or may not suffer from NPD. Also, do not use this video to completely diagnose yourself or others. Use it for insights only.

Additional Info


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In order for you to assess what you know about this health area, we suggest using a questionnaire. This might help you understand your situation in this area, or taking it might improve your understanding of the area.

You may be able to take this questionnaire online – either here on our site or on an external site – or download it and complete it on paper – it depends on copyright (and whether we’ve managed to build it on our site!).

The ways you can take a questionnaire:

More than one external site questionnaire, More than one questionnaire on our site

Take Questionnaire on our site

You can take a questionnaire on our site. This will score the questions automatically and give you a summary showing what your score means.

You will see our questionnaire first, possibly followed by a tab which may contain a second questionnaire (see above).  If you scroll down you will see links to external questionnaire(s) or downloads if there are any. Scroll down until you get to the right place for you!

YDH Questionnaire Selection

The first questionnaire is the 40 question NPI. and the second is the shorter 16 question version.

YDH Questionnaire Selection

The first questionnaire is the 40 question NPI. and the second is the shorter 16 question version.

Take questionnaire on external site

You can take this questionnaire on at least one external site.

You can do the same test on Openpsychometrics website – this will also give you some scores in subscales.

You can also take the 16 question version of the NPI at PsyToolkit

Additional Information





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A Butterfly Life: 4 Keys to More Happiness, Better Health and Letting Your True Self Shine

Times of change can be a challenge, no doubt! Whether it’s a relationship breakup, job loss, or being diagnosed with a serious health issue. Or you may WANT things to be different, but it feels a little scary or overwhelming. The butterfly reminds us change can be beautiful, even necessary, in order to realize our full potential and live our best life.